To emerge as a world-leading economy, the proposals set out in the Draft National Education Policy 2019 must be met, including strengthening the country’s research capacities and international collaborations, writes Tanya Spisbah Neither economic heft nor being a knowledge society are new to India. As one of the most ancient civilisations on earth, India developed a tradition of education five millennia ago and boasts the oldest university in the world, Nalanda University, which was built in the 5th century BC. India was a leading economy for the majority of the past 2,000 years; it was only in the 19th and 20th centuries that India’s economic and education indicators declined sharply, with only approximately 70 per cent of the country literate today. Now in the 21st century we are witnessing India’s rise. While its growth rate may have slowed in recent years, India is undeniably on the precipice of global economic superpower, predicted to emerge as one of the top three economies in the coming decades, alongside China and the US.